What is Open Research?
Open Research, also known as Open Science or Open Scholarship, refers to "various movements and practices aiming to make multilingual scientific knowledge openly available, accessible and reusable for everyone" [from UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science (2021). Growing out of the movement to Open Access to research publications, it seeks to extend the benefits of transparency to other areas of the research process.
“Open research, or open science, aims to open up access to all parts of the research process (e.g. methods, results, publications, data, software, materials, tools and peer reviews) across academic subject areas to increase collaboration, disseminate knowledge, improve transparency and reproducibility of research, and support research integrity.”
[Definition from Open Research Europe
Open Research in Ireland
Much work has been ongoing at national level through the National Open Research Forum, NORF. This has culminated in a National Action Plan (2022) and a series of nationally funded projects which will advance the structures, skills and systems to support Open Research. These projects are built around Goals and Actions across three themes:
The European Commission has often been leading the way, and has been framing its policy, and the requirements for Horizon Europe, around eight ambitions for open science since 2016:
More broadly, in late 2021, 193 countries agreed to abide by common standards for Open Research outlined in the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.
Most organisations have a position on Open Access and FAIR Data, and increasingly policies and strategies are also covering broader aspects of Open Research. Here are a selection of policies across these areas.
NORF (National Open Research Forum): National Action Plan for Open Research (2022); National Policy Brief Series (2021); National Open Research Landscape Report (2021); National Framework on the Transition to an Open Research Environment (2019)